The Porta de Santiago is part of a fortress of the A Famosa,
built by the Portuguese in 1511. It was damaged by the Dutch
during an attack. Timely intervention by Sir Stamford
Raffles in 1808 saved the fort from destruction and its
gateway still stands today.
The Stadthuys is believed to be the oldest Dutch building in
the East. It was built in 1641 to serve as the official
residence of the Dutch Governors. The Stadthuys is situated
right in the center of Melaka City. It is a fine example of
Dutch masonry and woodwork skills. Today, it houses the
Melaka Museum, which has a special History Department and a
section on Ethnography. Visitors can find excellent
artifacts on display such as traditional bridal costumes and
authentic relics from Melaka's past. The nearby clock tower
and fountain which was dedicated to Queen Victoria in 1904
are popular subjects for photography.
St. John's Fort
St. John's Fort is strategically located atop St. John's
Hill, 3 km from the city center. Built by the Dutch in the
18th century, it was once a Portuguese chapel dedicated to
John, the Baptist. It is interesting to note that the gun
embrasures of the fort face inland and not towards the sea.
This was to counter-attacks by the enemy from the hinterland
and not from the sea.
St. Paul's Church
Located on a hillock behind the A Famosa, St. Paul's Church
was built by Duerte Coelho, a Portuguese captain. After the
Dutch conquest of Melaka, the church was converted into a
burial ground and renamed St. Paul's Church. The tombstones
found here have Latin and Dutch inscriptions. The body of
St. Francis Xavier was laid in the open grave here in 1553
before being shipped to Goa, India.
St. Francis Xavier's Church
This church was built by Father Farve, a priest of the
French Foreign Mission. Based on Gothic-style architecture,
it was built in dedication to St. Francis Xavier also known
as Apostle of the East, who spread Catholicism in South East
Asia during the 16th century.
St. Peter's Church
This is the only church in Malaysia with a life-size
alabaster statue of the Dead Lord Before The Resurrection.
The church was built by the Portuguese in 1710 with its
architectural style blending to that of Oriental and
It is another fine example of Dutch architecture using
timber. The exquisite craftsmanship of this church dating
back to 1153 is best seen in the hand made pews as well as
in the ceiling beams which were constructed without joints.
Hang Tuah's Mausoleum
This place is located at Jalan Klebang. Hang Tuah was
Melaka's greatest warrior during the reign of Sultan Mansor
Shah. As the commander of Melaka's naval forces, he defended
the thriving port from being attacked by the Siamese and
Achinese. Hang Tuah's outstanding loyalty and his prowess as
a warrior earned him a popular place in the history of
Hang Tuah's well is located in Kampong Duyung, the birth
place of the legendary warrior where he spent his childhood
among four of his good friends who would later become the
famous knights of Melaka. Mausoleums have also been erected
in memory of two of his comrades, Hang Jebat and Hang
un Teja's Mausoleum
This is the gravesite of a noble man's daughter from Pahang
who was convinced by Hang Tuah to marry Sultan Mahmud Shah
of Melaka. She died a queen in Merlimau about 24 km from
Melaka town, while retreating with members of the Melaka
royal family from the Portuguese attack in 1511.
Literally meaning 'Chinese Hill', Bukit China is the largest
Chinese cemetery outside China with tombs dating back to the
Ming Dynasty. This hill was presented to the followers of
Hang Li Po, who had been given in marriage by the Emperor of
China to the Sultan of Melaka.
Hang Li Po's well
It was built in 1459, located at the foot of Bukit China
served as the only source of water during great droughts.
The Dutch enclosed it with stout walls in 1677 to maintain
their ultimate right to the well.
Melaka Sultanate Palace
This palace is an impressive reconstruction of the original
palace of the former Malay rulers of Melaka. Located at the
foot of St. Paul's Hill, its architecture is based on the
description of the palace given in the Malay annals written
by Munshi Abdullah. It presently serves as the Melaka
Cultural Museum providing interesting glimpses in to the
glorious era of the Melaka Sultanate.
Baba and Nyonya Heritage Museum
It is the ancestral home of 3 generations of a Baba Nyonya
family which is located along Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock.
These straits-born Chinese have adopted much of the Malay
culture into theirs. The museum provides interesting
insights into the priceless heirloom unique to the Baba
The Proclamation of Independence Memorial Building
This was constructed in 1912 and is significant as the place
where the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul
Rahman Putra Al-Haj, who read the historical document
proclaiming independence for the country in 1956. Among the
historical exhibits on display is the car that the former
Prime Minister used for his journey to Melaka after his
successful negotiation in London for the nation's
The place boasts of some of the oldest mosques in the
country. The Kampong Hulu mosque was built in 1728 by Dato'
Shamsuddin as well as the 600 year old Tranquerah Mosque and
the Kampong Keling Mosque feature a unique architectural
style, consisting of a three-tiered pyramid structure
instead of a dome. Instead of the usual minarets, these
mosques have pagoda-like structures. The tomb of Sultan Hussain of Johor, the ruler who signed
the agreement ceding Singapore to the British, is located
within the compound of the Tranquerah Mosque.
Cheng Hoon Teng
This temple was built in 1646 and is the oldest Chinese
temple in the country. The building was constructed with
materials totally imported from China, with ornate carvings
and excellent lacquer work.
Sam Po Kong
Another temple that is dedicated to Admiral Cheng Ho, the
great Chinese mariner and is named after a fish believed to
have miraculously saved the admiral's ship from sinking
during a storm.
Air Keroh, an easy 15-minute drive north-east of the city,
is a popular tourist recreational enclave situated in a vast
forest reserve. Attractions here include Mini Malaysia, Mini
ASEAN Village, Melaka Zoo, a butterfly farm and a scenic
lake, an ideal spot for picnics and boating activities. Mini
Malaysia, a theme village made up of authentic traditional
houses of the various Malaysian states set within a rural
setting, provides a glimpse into the local way of life.
Located within the same area is the Mini ASEAN Village
consisting of the traditional houses of the ASEAN countries
of Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei and Thailand.
Golfing buffs will have a great time driving the ball at
the 18-hole Air Keroh Country Club reputed to have the
longest golf course in Malaysia.
Within Air Keroh, there are several resort hotels
providing excellent facilities for visitors intending to
spend an extended holiday in Air Keroh as well as to visit
other tourist spots in Melaka. Alternatively, take on the
challenge of the superb greens and fairways of the
magnificent A Famosa Golf Resort located just beside the
North South Expressway at nearby Alor Gajah. Situated within
the A Famosa Golf Resort is the A Famosa Water World
promising hours of fun-filled excitement for the family.
More than a historical state, Melaka boasts of 2 charming
island resorts, Pulau Besar and Pulau Upeh. Pulau Besar, 10
km south of Melaka town, abounds in legends about mermaids
and princesses as well as sacred graves and shrines. It is a
haven of tranquility for those in search of fresh air and
silky white beaches. The 121-room Pandanusa Island Resort is
an international class hotel offering an 18-hole golf course
and a host of sea sports facilities.
Covering some 7 acres, Pulau Upeh is another island gem.
It offers opportunities to observe the conservation efforts
of the endangered Hawks-beak turtle, historical sites and
spectacular sunsets. The resort on the island provides a
relaxing weekend getaway far from the maddening crowd.